Tangerine Dream Force Majeure- Studio, released 1979 - Covers
CD release Europe 1995 Painting & Design: Monique Froese CD release UK 1984 Painting: Monique Froese CD release USA 1995 Tracks Details
Recording date August - September 1978 Recording site(s) Hansa Studios (Berlin) Recording engineer(s) Eduard Meyer Composer(s) Edgar Froese, Chris Franke Musician(s) Edgar Froese, Chris Franke, Klaus Krüger, Eduard Meyer Producer(s) Edgar Froese, Chris Franke Notes After Steve Jolliffe had left the group, in summer 1978 Edgar Froese and Chris Franke recorded the album Force Majeure on their own in Berlin. Klaus Krüger played drums again but left the band after the recording sessions. Edgar Froese: "We did it in a 7 week recording session in a good studio in the middle of summer. It was a good feeling, a good atmosphere and nothing to fight about. [...] Klaus Krüger left to join Iggy Pop in New York, but apart from that we decided that it would be better to leave the drums because there are so many problems involved." (Interview with Neumusik, January 1980) Force Majeure was critically acclaimed and went Top 30 in the UK. Up to now this album is one of the most famous among Tangerine Dream fans. Backtracking with Tangerine Dream
Chris Franke: "There's one piece,
Cloudburst Flight, which I still enjoy playing. Sometimes doing something again and again, it loses its power, but this still means a lot to me. It's hard to say what you try to achieve when you make music. Different words come to mind like...room, landscape, painting, A combination of all the things that make up life." (Interview with Johnny Black, thisBEAT, issue 17, April 1986) From 30 Years Of Dreaming
Shortly after the
Cyclone tour, Steve Jolliffe left the band again, but already in August, the trio Froese, Franke and Krieger was working on a new album, Force Majeure, this time in the Hansa studio in Berlin. Force Majeure was a long time in the making and was not released until the end of 1979. This time, as opposed to , the new album recieved high praise from the critics and quickly hit the charts in England. Here it achieved to become number 26 on the album chart. Cyclone
The music was still rock-based with Froese's guitar and Krieger's drums in the foreground, but the music develops throughout the album and ends up with something that sounds like a subway ride in the London Underground breaking every speed limit! The album also contains one of the finest pieces of music Tangerine Dream have ever written --
Cloudburst Flight. This piece was by the way used as the signature of the weather forecast on the Italian TV station RAI!
tour throughout Germany was scheduled to take place -- after the success of the Cyclone tour -- but it had to be cancelled because Force Majeure did not sell very well in Tangerine Dream's native country.
After the recording of
Force Majeure had taken place, Klaus Krieger left Tangerine Dream. Krieger had always had a very loose connection with the band -- more like a session musician -- and at the end of the day Froese and Franke did not really want to work with real drums. Instead, there was room for another keyboard player as a replacement for Peter Baumann, as it had been the intention all along ever since Baumann left the band. This replacement was found in Johannes Schmoelling -- aged 29. At the time, he was working as a sound engineer at the Hansa studio.
Froese: "Johannes was very professional in terms of music and studio work. He had a remarkable ability to concentrate and could work for long stretches of time. He had several years of experience as an audio technician at the famous Berlin SchaubŁne Theatre of Peter Steins. I visited a performance there of Robert Wilson's
Death, Destruction and Detroit. Johannes had created all the sound collages one could hear throughout the play. I was so enthused by the five-hour performance that I asked Johannes afterwards if he wanted to join Tangerine Dream". (Interview with Mark Pendergast, January 1994, ) Tangents
Well, apparently Johannes Schmoelling liked the idea, and for the following six years he was a regular member of Tangerine Dream. Johannes Schmoelling was born in Lohne, Germany in 1950 and he began playing the piano at the age of eight. He later moved on to the pipe organ and played professionally in various churches before he graduated from college in 1978 with a degree in sound engineering. Maybe he already had his debut on
Force Majeure, where he may have been involved in the production when the band -- towards the end of the track Thru Metamorphic Rocks -- made a very expressive sound collage with sounds of running trains and so on! Well, maybe not -- in an interview in 1997 Edgar Froese told a journalist that this particular track actually got its strange and futuristic sound by accident.
Froese: "The reason is simply that
Thru Metamorphic Rocks had an accident in the mixing desk. So while we did the recording the tape ran, and all the instruments were locked in, and we played, and we improvised quite a lot all the time. Then all of a sudden something went wrong with the desk. So there were a lot of strange noises all of a sudden which appear within the track and are totally wrong, but which actually made sense in the music. We listened to it again and again and said 'should we? shouldn't we?' Finally we said 'okay, leave it the way it is". (Interview with Ashley Franklin and Nick Willder on 29 October 1997, Soundscapes, 16 November 1997) © 1999 by Kent Eskildsen Re-Releases In 1984 the album was released on CD for the first time as part of a series by Virgin. With the exception of , all releases of this series had a similar cover design, using only part of the original artwork in a monochrome border that featured the band and album title. Exit In 1995 Virgin re-released the album on CD in the so-called "Definitive Edition" series, featuring the original front cover artwork. In the same year, like , the album was re-released in the USA on CD with a completely different artwork. Cyclone In 2009 the album was re-released in Japan with a cardboard sleeve featuring the exact replica of the original LP sleeve. In 2012 the original album was re-released as part of the compilation box . The Virgin Years 1977-1983 Releases
Australia 1979: Virgin/CBS Promo-LP: V 2111; white promo labels, gsc LP: V 2111; red/green labels 1979: Virgin/Festival Promo-LP: L 36641; red/green labels with sticker LP: L 36641; red/green labels Benelux 1979: Virgin/Ariola LP: 200 347; picture labels LP: 200 347; picture labels; mispressing with side A being Dutch songs by unknown artist and side B being Tangerine Dream Canada 1979: Virgin/Polydor LP: V 2111; picture labels 1984: Virgin Promo-LP: V 2111; red labels with white stripes, gsc LP: V 2111; red labels with white stripes 1995: Virgin/EMI CD: 840 259-2 Europe 1995: Virgin CD: 840 259-2; identical to UK version from 1995 Finland 1979: Virgin/Polarvox LP: V 2111; picture labels France 1979: Virgin/Polydor LP: 2473 764; red/silver labels LP: 2473 764; black/silver labels 1981: Virgin LP: 200 347; red/green labels 1983: Virgin LP: 70 003; red/green labels 1984: Virgin CD: CDV 2111; identical to UK version 1985: Wake Music CD: 330 252 Germany 1979: Virgin/Ariola LP: 200 347; picture labels, cover with textured surface LP: 200 347; picture labels, regular cover 1984: Virgin/Ariola LP: 200 347; picture labels CD: 610 371; identical to UK version from 1984 with the German order number on a sticker fixed on the jewel case 1993: Virgin CD: 786 094-2 Greece 19??: Virgin/Polygram LP: 2473 764; picture labels Israel 1979: Virgin/General Music LP: BAN 2111; red/green labels; covers with incorrect colours exist LP: BAN 2111; two green of the red/green labels; covers with incorrect colours exist Italy 1979: Virgin/Dischi LP: VIL 12111; picture labels 1985: Virgin/Dischi LP: OVED 111; red/green labels LP: OVED 111; white/gray labels Japan 1979: Virgin/Victor Promo-LP: VIP-6932; picture promo labels LP: VIP-6932; picture labels 1990: Virgin CD: VJCP-2518 Promo-CD: VJCP-2518; same as regular release, but with additional red promo sticker 2009: EMI CD: VJCP-68919; cardboard sleeve, obi Promo-CD: VJCP-68919; same as regular release, but with additional numbered sticker on rear New Zealand 1979: Virgin/RTC LP: V 2111; picture labels Portugal 1979: Virgin/VADECA LP: VV-33008-V; red/brown vinyl, blue/red labels LP: VV-33008-V; clear vinyl, blue/red labels LP: VV-33008-V; blue/red labels LP: VV-33008-V; red/green labels Russia 1997: CD Media/Spurk Counterfeit-CD: 426797; white/black/blue disc Spain 1979: Virgin/Ariola LP: 200 347-I; picture labels, cover with textured surface LP: 200 347-I; picture labels, regular cover 1980: Virgin/Ariola LP: 200 347-I; picture labels 1987: Virgin LP: E 200 347; red/green labels Sweden 1979: Virgin LP: V 2111; picture labels UK 1979: Virgin LP: V 2111; picture labels, cover with textured surface LP: V 2111; picture labels, regular cover LP: V 2111; clear vinyl, picture labels, cover with textured surface LP: V 2111; clear vinyl, picture labels, regular cover 1984: Virgin CD: CDV 2111 1985: Virgin LP: OVED 111; red/green labels LP: OVED 111; white/gray labels 1995: Virgin CD: TAND 10 USA 1981: Virgin/JEM Promo-LP: VI 2111; skin-coloured promo labels LP: VI 2111; skin-coloured labels 1988: Virgin LP: 790 012-1; black labels with blue triangle CD: 790 012-2 1993: Virgin CD: V21Y 86 094-2 1995: Virgin/CEMA/Griffin CD: GCD-350-2 Yugoslavia 1979: Virgin LP: LSVIRG-70898; red/green labels Force Majeure was also released as part of the set . (3)